Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born in Samvat 1723 at patna. At that time India was politically divided and religiously degenerated. Guru Sahib ushered in a new era of hope and rising spirit. Guru Sahib was founder of an secular ethical socialistic democracy and tried to remove castism. Guru Sahib was a great thinker, a writer, a philosopher, a soldier and a saint. Guru Sahib displayed extraordinary courage at a critical period of his life. Even as a child Guru Sahib considered no price too great to pay for one?s principles. When Guru Sahib was only nine years old, Kashmiri Pandit approached his father Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib to save Hindu dharma. The Guru Sahib remarked that only the supreme sacrifice made by a pious soul could protect them. Guru Gobind Rai (Childhood name) asked his father who was more suitable than him for this sacrifice. This shows his sincerity of purpose and spirit of self sacrifice. Consequently Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib marched to Delhi where he was martyred in 1675 at Chandni Chowk (Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib).
Guru Sahib created Khalsa whom he called Akal Purakh Ki Fauj (The Army of God). It was a Baisakhi day in 1699 at Anandpur that Guru Sahib laid down the foundation of the Khalsa Panth and appointed five beloved ones (Panj Pyaras).
Bhai Daya Singh Ji
Bhai Dharam Singh Ji
Bhai Himmat Singh Ji
Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji
Bhai Sahib Singh Ji
Guru Sahib administered Amrit to them. Guru Sahib further inspired in them the belief that they are born to conquer. Guru Sahib prescribed Five Kakar ? Kesh, Kanga, Kara, Kirpan and Kachha. Guru Sahib gave them their own personality with beard and hair with turban on. Guru Sahib had given the common epthet Singh (Lion) to male and Kaur to female.
The Khalsa was created as a Divine dynamic force to lead the hyman race to strive forever to achieve excellence in human relationship for establishing a society of equals without any discrimination of caste, creed and country. The Khalsa was designed to be an army of winners, fearless and pure in service of God and man. Guru Sahib gave his followers a new greeting : WAHE GURU JI KA KHALSA, WAHE GURU JI KI FATEH (The Khalsa belongs to God and victory is of God).
Guru Sahib believed all strength is the gift of God and if God is on your side, you can never be weak. God gives strength to the pure the Khalsa. So long as there is piety in the soul, there is strength in the body to bear all hardships. Guru Sahib sacrificed his father, four sons and his life for sake of the nation.
Guru Sahib synthesized Bhakti (Devotion to God) with Shakti (Power) and charned Sikhs (disciples) into Singhs (Lions).
Guru Sahib?s life and message have meaning for everyone. Guru Sahib said ?Manas Ki Jaat Sabhe Eko Pehchanbo? consider Whole humanity the creation of one God.
Khalsa mero roop hai khaas.
The Khalsa is my complete image
Khalse maih hau karo nivaas.
I dwell in the khalsa
Khalsa mero mukh hai ang-aa.
Khalsa is my chief organ
Khalse ke hau sadh sadh sang-aa.
I am always with the khalsa
Khalsa mero mitr sakhaa-ee
Khalsa is my closest friend
Khalsa maat pitaa sukhdaa-ee
Khalsa is my mother, father & source of all comforts.
Khalsa meri jaat ar pat.
Khalsa is my caste & creed.
Khalsa sau maa kau utapat.
My creation is through the khalsa
Khalsa mero bhavan bhand-aa-raa.
I dwell in the khalsa who is a storehouse of all my requirements.
Khalse kar mero satk-aa-raa.
I am honoured because of the khalsa.
Khalsa mero pind par-aan.
Khalsa is my body & breath.
Khalsa meri jaan ki jaan.
Khalsa is my life & soul
Khalsa mera satgur poor-aa
Khalsa is my full-fledged Guru.